Westminster Confession, week 16

April 18, 2015

Chapter 9: Of Free Will

1: God has endued the will of man with that natural liberty, that is neither forced, nor, by any absolute necessity of nature, determined good, or evil.[204]

2: Man, in his state of innocency, had freedom, and power to will and to do that which was good and well pleasing to God;[205] but yet, mutably, so that he might fall from it.[206]

3: Man, by his fall into a state of sin, has wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation:[207] so as, a natural man, being altogether averse from that good,[208] and dead in sin,[209] is not able, by his own strength, to convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto.[210]

4: When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of grace, He frees him from his natural bondage under sin;[211] and, by His grace alone, enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good;[212] yet so, as that by reason of his remaining corruption, he does not perfectly, or only, will that which is good, but does also will that which is evil.[213]

5: The will of man is made perfectly and immutably free to do good alone in the state of glory only.[214]

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