Archive for the '6 Sat: Westminster Confession' Category

Westminster Confession, week 26

June 29, 2013

Chapter 16: Of Good Works

5: We cannot by our best works merit pardon of sin, or eternal life at the hand of God, by reason of the great disproportion that is between them and the glory to come; and the infinite distance that is between us and God, whom, by them, we can neither profit, nor satisfy for the debt of our former sins,[320]but when we have done all we can, we have done but our duty, and are unprofitable servants:[321] and because, as they are good, they proceed from His Spirit,[322] and as they are wrought by us, they are defiled, and mixed with so much weakness and imperfection, that they cannot endure the severity of God’s judgment.[323]

6: Notwithstanding, the persons of believers being accepted through Christ, their good works also are accepted in Him;[324] not as though they were in this life wholly unblamable and unreproveable in God’s sight;[325] but that He, looking upon them in His Son, is pleased to accept and reward that which is sincere, although accompanied with many weaknesses and imperfections.[326]

7: Works done by unregenerate men, although for the matter of them they may be things which God commands; and of good use both to themselves and others:[327] yet, because they proceed not from an heart purified by faith;[328] nor are done in a right manner, according to the Word;[329] nor to a right end, the glory of God,[330] they are therefore sinful and cannot please God, or make a man meet to receive grace from God:[331] and yet, their neglect of them is more sinful and displeasing unto God.[332]

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Westminster Confession, week 25

June 22, 2013

Chapter 16: Of Good Works

1: Good works are only such as God has commanded in His holy Word,[305] and not such as, without the warrant thereof, are devised by men, out of blind zeal, or upon any pretence of good intention.[306]

2: These good works, done in obedience to God’s commandments, are the fruits and evidences of a true and lively faith:[307] and by them believers manifest their thankfulness,[308] strengthen their assurance,[309] edify their brethren,[310] adorn the profession of the Gospel,[311] stop the mouths of the adversaries,[312] and glorify God,[313]whose workmanship they are, created in Christ Jesus thereunto,[314]that, having their fruit unto holiness, they may have the end, eternal life.[315]

3: Their ability to do good works is not at all of themselves, but wholly from the Spirit of Christ.[316] And that they may be enabled thereunto, beside the graces they have already received, there is required an actual influence of the same Holy Spirit, to work in them to will, and to do, of His good pleasure:[317] yet are they not hereupon to grow negligent, as if they were not bound to perform any duty unless upon a special motion of the Spirit; but they ought to be diligent in stirring up the grace of God that is in them.[318]

4: They who, in their obedience, attain to the greatest height which is possibly in this life, are so far from being able to supererogate, and to do more than God requires, as that they fall short of much which in duty they are bound to do.[319]

Westminster Confession, week 24

June 15, 2013

Chapter 15: Of Repentance unto Life

4: As there is no sin so small, but it deserves damnation;[298] so there is no sin so great, that it can bring damnation upon those who truly repent.[299]

5: Man ought not to content themselves with a general repentance, but it is every man’s duty to endeavour to repent of his particular sins, particularly.[300]

6: As every man is bound to make private confession of his sins to God, praying for the pardon thereof;[301] upon which, and the forsaking of them, he shall find mercy;[302] so, he that scandalizes his brother, or the Church of Christ, ought to be willing, by a private or public confession, and sorrow for his sin, to declare his repentance to those that are offended,[303] who are thereupon to be reconciled to him, and in love to receive him.[304]

Westminster Confession, week 23

June 8, 2013

Chapter 15: Of Repentance unto Life

1: Repentance unto life is an evangelical grace,[291] the doctrine whereof is to be preached by every minister of the Gospel, as well as that of faith in Christ.[292]

2: By it, a sinner, out of the sight and sense not only of the danger, but also of the filthiness and odiousness of his sins, as contrary to the holy nature, and righteous law of God; and upon the apprehension of His mercy in Christ to such as are penitent, so grieves for, and hates his sins, as to turn from them all unto God,[293] purposing and endeavouring to walk with Him in all the ways of His commandments.[294]

3: Although repentance is not to be rested in, as any satisfaction for sin, or any cause of the pardon thereof,[295] which is the act of God’s free grace in Christ,[296] yet it is of such necessity to all sinners, that none may expect pardon without it.[297]

Westminster Confession, week 22

June 1, 2013

Chapter 14: Of Saving Faith

1: The grace of faith, whereby the elect are enabled to believe to the saving of their souls,[278] is the work of the Spirit of Christ in their hearts,[279] and is ordinarily wrought by the ministry of the Word,[280] by which also, and by the administration of the sacraments, and prayer, it is increased and strengthened.[281]

2: By this faith, a Christian believes to be true whatsoever is revealed in the Word, for the authority of God Himself speaking therein;[282] and acts differently upon that which each particular passage thereof contains; yielding obedience to the commands,[283]trembling at the threatenings,[284] and embracing the promises of God for this life, and that which is to come.[285] But the principal acts of saving faith are accepting, receiving, and resting upon Christ alone for justification, sanctification, and eternal life, by virtue of the covenant of grace.[286]

3: This faith is different in degrees, weak or strong;[287] may be often and many ways assailed, and weakened, but gets the victory:[288] growing up in many to the attainment of a full assurance, through Christ,[289] who is both the author and finisher of our faith.[290]

Westminster Confession, week 21

May 25, 2013

Chapter 13: Of Sanctification

1: They, who are once effectually called, and regenerated, having a new heart, and a new spirit created in them, are further sanctified, really and personally, through the virtue of Christ’s death and resurrection,[265] by His Word and Spirit dwelling in them:[266] the dominion of the whole body of sin is destroyed,[267] and the several lusts thereof are more and more weakened and mortified;[268] and they more and more quickened and strengthened in all saving graces,[269] to the practice of true holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord.[270]

2: This sanctification is throughout, in the whole man;[271] yet imperfect in this life, there abiding still some remnants of corruption in every part;[272] whence arises a continual and irreconcilable war, the flesh lusting against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh.[273]

3: In which war, although the remaining corruption, for a time, may much prevail;[274] yet, through the continual supply of strength from the sanctifying Spirit of Christ, the regenerate part does overcome;[275] and so, the saints grow in grace,[276] perfecting holiness in the fear of God.[277]

Westminster Confession, week 20

May 18, 2013

Chapter 12: Of Adoption

1: All those that are justified, God vouchsafes, in and for His only Son Jesus Christ, to make partakers of the grace of adoption,[251] by which they are taken into the number, and enjoy the liberties and privileges of the children of God,[252] have His name put upon them,[253] receive the spirit of adoption,[254] have access to the throne of grace with boldness,[255] are enabled to cry, Abba, Father,[256] are pitied,[257] protected,[258] provided for,[259] and chastened by Him as by a Father:[260] yet never cast off,[261] but sealed to the day of redemption;[262] and inherit the promises,[263] as heirs of everlasting salvation.[264]

Westminster Confession, week 19

May 11, 2013

Chapter 11: Of Justification

4: God did, from all eternity, decree to justify all the elect,[244] and Christ did, in the fullness of time, die for their sins, and rise again for their justification:[245] nevertheless, they are not justified, until the Holy Spirit does, in due time, actually apply Christ unto them.[246]

5: God does continue to forgive the sins of those that are justified;[247] and although they can never fall from the sate of justification,[248] yet they may, by their sins, fall under God’s fatherly displeasure, and not have the light of His countenance restored unto them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance.[249]

6: The justification of believers under the Old Testament was, in all these respects, one and the same with the justification of believers under the New Testament.[250]

Westminster Confession, week 18

May 4, 2013

Chapter 11: Of Justification

1: Those whom God effectually calls, He also freely justifies;[234] not by infusing righteousness into them, but by pardoning their sins, and by accounting and accepting their persons as righteous; not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ’s sake alone; nor by imputing faith itself, the act of believing, or any other evangelical obedience to them, as their righteousness; but by imputing the obedience and satisfaction of Christ unto them,[235] they receiving and resting on Him and His righteousness by faith; which faith they have not of themselves, it is the gift of God.[236]

2: Faith, thus receiving and resting on Christ and His righteousness, is the alone instrument of justification:[237] yet is it not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all other saving graces, and is no dead faith, but works by love.[238]

3: Christ, by His obedience and death, did fully discharge the debt of all those that are thus justified, and did make a proper, real and full satisfaction to His Father’s justice in their behalf.[239] Yet, in as much as He was given by the Father for them;[240] and His obedience and satisfaction accepted in their stead;[241] and both, freely, not for any thing in them; their justification is only of free grace;[242] that both the exact justice, and rich grace of God might be glorified in the justification of sinners.[243]

Westminster Confession, week 17

April 27, 2013

Chapter 10: Of Effectual Calling

1: All those whom God hath predestinated unto life, and those only, He is pleased, in His appointed time, effectually to call,[215] by His Word and Spirit,[216] out of that state of sin and death, in which they are by nature to grace and salvation, by Jesus Christ;[217] enlightening their minds spiritually and savingly to understand the things of God,[218] taking away their heart of stone, and giving unto them an heart of flesh;[219] renewing their wills, and, by His almighty power, determining them to that which is good,[220] and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ:[221] yet so, as they come most freely, being made willing by His grace.[222]

2: This effectual call is of God’s free and special grace alone, not from anything at all foreseen in man,[223] who is altogether passive therein, until, being quickened and renewed by the Holy Spirit,[224] he is thereby enabled to answer this call, and to embrace the grace offered and conveyed in it.[225]

3: Elect infants, dying in infancy, are regenerated, and saved by Christ, through the Spirit,[226] who works when, and where, and how He pleases:[227] so also are all other elect persons who are incapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the Word.[228]

4: Others, not elected, although they may be called by the ministry of the Word,[229] and may have some common operations of the Spirit,[230] yet they never truly come unto Christ, and therefore cannot be saved:[231] much less can men, not professing the Christian religion, be saved in any other way whatsoever, be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, and the laws of that religion they do profess.[232] And to assert and maintain that they may, is very pernicious, and to be detested.[233]