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Children’s Catechism, Week 6

February 6, 2023

Q. 22. What is a covenant?
A. An agreement between two or more persons.

Q. 23. What covenant did God make with Adam?
A. The covenant of works.

Q. 24. What was Adam bound to do by the covenant of works?
A. To obey God perfectly.

Heidelberg Catechism, Lord’s Day 6

February 5, 2023

6. Lord’s Day

Q. 16. Why must he be very man, and also perfectly righteous?
A. Because the justice of God requires that the same human nature which has sinned, should likewise make satisfaction for sin; [a] and one, who is himself a sinner, cannot satisfy for others. [b]

Q. 17. Why must he in one person be also very God?
A. That he might, by the power of his Godhead [a] sustain in his human nature, [b] the burden of God’s wrath; [c] and might obtain for, and restore to us, righteousness and life. [d]

Q. 18. Who then is that Mediator, who is in one person both very God, [a] and a real [b] righteous man? [c]
A. Our Lord Jesus Christ: [d] “who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption.” [e]

Q. 19. Whence knowest thou this?
A. From the holy gospel, which God himself first revealed in Paradise; [a] and afterwards published by the patriarchs [b] and prophets, [c] and represented by the sacrifices and other ceremonies of the law; [d] and lastly, has fulfilled it by his only begotten Son. [e]

Westminster Confession, Week 5

February 4, 2023

Chapter 3: Of God’s Eternal Decree

1: God from all eternity, did, by the most wise and holy counsel of His own will, freely, and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass;[65] yet so, as thereby neither is God the author of sin,[66]nor is violence offered to the will of the creatures; nor is the liberty or contingency of second causes taken away, but rather established.[67]

2: Although God knows whatsoever may or can come to pass upon all supposed conditions;[68] yet has He not decreed anything because He foresaw it as future, or as that which would come to pass upon such conditions.[69]

3: By the decree of God, for the manifestation of His glory, some men and angels[70] are predestinated unto everlasting life; and others foreordained to everlasting death.[71]

4: These angels and men, thus predestinated, and foreordained, are particularly and unchangeably designed, and their number so certain and definite, that it cannot be either increased or diminished.[72]

Canons of Dordt, Week 5

February 3, 2023

The First Head of Doctrine: Divine Election and Reprobation

Article 8: A Single Decision of Election

This election is not of many kinds; it is one and the same election for all who were to be saved in the Old and the New Testament. For Scripture declares that there is a single good pleasure, purpose, and plan of God’s will, by which he chose us from eternity both to grace and to glory, both to salvation and to the way of salvation, which he prepared in advance for us to walk in.

Article 9: Election Not Based on Foreseen Faith

This same election took place, not on the basis of foreseen faith, of the obedience of faith, of holiness, or of any other good quality and disposition, as though it were based on a prerequisite cause or condition in the person to be chosen, but rather for the purpose of faith, of the obedience of faith, of holiness, and so on. Accordingly, election is the source of each of the benefits of salvation. Faith, holiness, and the other saving gifts, and at last eternal life itself, flow forth from election as its fruits and effects. As the apostle says, He chose us (not because we were, but) so that we should be holy and blameless before him in love (Eph. 1:4).

Larger Catechism, Week 5

February 2, 2023

Q. 18. What are God’s works of providence?
A. God’s works of providence are his most holy,[69] wise,[70] and powerful preserving[71] and governing[72] all his creatures; ordering them, and all their actions,[73] to his own glory.[74]

Q. 19. What is God’s providence towards the angels?
A. God by his providence permitted some of the angels, willfully and irrecoverably, to fall into sin and damnation,[75] limiting and ordering that, and all their sins, to his own glory;[76] and established the rest in holiness and happiness;[77] employing them all,[78] at his pleasure, in the administrations of his power, mercy, and justice.[79]

Q. 20. What was the providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created?
A. The providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created, was the placing him in paradise, appointing him to dress it, giving him liberty to eat of the fruit of the earth;[80] putting the creatures under his dominion,[81] and ordaining marriage for his help;[82] affording him communion with himself;[83] instituting the sabbath;[84] entering into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of personal, perfect, and perpetual obedience,[85] of which the tree of life was a pledge;[86] and forbidding to eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death.[87]

Belgic Confession, Week 5

February 1, 2023

Article 9: The Scriptural Witness on the Trinity

All these things we know from the testimonies of Holy Scripture as well as from the effects of the persons, especially from those we feel within ourselves. The testimonies of the Holy Scriptures, which teach us to believe in this Holy Trinity, are written in many places of the Old Testament, which need not be enumerated but only chosen with discretion. In the book of Genesis God says, “Let us make man in our image, according to our likeness.” So “God created man in his own image”– indeed, “male and female he created them.”[6] “Behold, man has become like one of us.”[7] It appears from this that there is a plurality of persons within the Deity, when he says, “Let us make man in our image”– and afterwards he indicates the unity when he says, “God created.” It is true that he does not say here how many persons there are– but what is somewhat obscure to us in the Old Testament is very clear in the New. For when our Lord was baptized in the Jordan, the voice of the Father was heard saying, “This is my dear Son”;[8] the Son was seen in the water; and the Holy Spirit appeared in the form of a dove. So, in the baptism of all believers this form was prescribed by Christ: “Baptize all people in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.”[9] In the Gospel according to Luke the angel Gabriel says to Mary, the mother of our Lord: “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and therefore that holy one to be born of you shall be called the Son of God.”[10] And in another place it says: “The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you.”[11] “There are three who bear witness in heaven– the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit– and these three are one.”[12] In all these passages we are fully taught that there are three persons in the one and only divine essence. And although this doctrine surpasses human understanding, we nevertheless believe it now, through the Word, waiting to know and enjoy it fully in heaven. Furthermore, we must note the particular works and activities of these three persons in relation to us. The Father is called our Creator, by reason of his power. The Son is our Savior and Redeemer, by his blood. The Holy Spirit is our Sanctifier, by his living in our hearts. This doctrine of the holy Trinity has always been maintained in the true church, from the time of the apostles until the present, against Jews, Muslims, and certain false Christians and heretics, such as Marcion, Mani, Praxeas, Sabellius, Paul of Samosata, Arius, and others like them, who were rightly condemned by the holy fathers. And so, in this matter we willingly accept the three ecumenical creeds– the Apostles’, Nicene, and Athanasian– as well as what the ancient fathers decided in agreement with them.

Shorter Catechism, Week 5

January 31, 2023

Q. 11. What are God’s works of providence?
A. God’s works of providence are, his most holy,[30] wise,[31] and powerful[32] preserving[33] and governing[34] all his creatures, and all their actions.[35]

Children’s Catechism, Week 5

January 30, 2023

Q. 18. What did God give Adam and Eve besides bodies?
A. He gave them souls that could never die.

Q. 19. Have you a soul as well as a body?
A. Yes; I have a soul that can never die.

Q. 20. How do you know that you have a soul?
A. Because the Bible tells me so.

Q. 21. In what condition did God make Adam and Eve?
A. He made them holy and happy.

Heidelberg Catechism, Lord’s Day 5

January 29, 2023

5. Lord’s Day

Q. 12. Since then, by the righteous judgment of God, we deserve temporal and eternal punishment, is there no way by which we may escape that punishment, and be again received into favour?
A. God will have his justice satisfied: [a] and therefore we must make this full satisfaction, either by ourselves, or by another. [b]

Q. 13. Can we ourselves then make this satisfaction?
A. By no means; but on the contrary we daily increase our debt. [a]

Q. 14. Can there be found anywhere, one, who is a mere creature, able to satisfy for us?
A. None; for, first, God will not punish any other creature for the sin which man has committed; [a] and further, no mere creature can sustain the burden of God’s eternal wrath against sin, so as to deliver others from it. [b]

Q. 15. What sort of a mediator and deliverer then must we seek for?
A. For one who is very man, and perfectly [a] righteous; [b] and yet more powerful than all creatures; that is, one who is also very God. [c]

Westminster Confession, Week 4

January 28, 2023

Chapter 2: Of God, and of the Holy Trinity

1: There is but one only,[25] living, and true God,[26] who is infinite in being and perfection,[27] a most pure spirit,[28] invisible,[29] without body, parts,[30] or passions;[31] immutable,[32] immense,[33] eternal,[34] incomprehensible,[35] almighty,[36] most wise,[37] most holy,[38] most free,[39] most absolute;[40] working all things according to the counsel of His own immutable and most righteous will,[41] for His own glory;[42] most loving,[43] gracious, merciful, long-suffering, abundant in goodness and truth, forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin;[44] the rewarder of them that diligently seek Him;[45] and withal, most just, and terrible in His judgments,[46] hating all sin,[47] and who will by no means clear the guilty.[48]

2: God has all life,[49] glory,[50] goodness,[51] blessedness,[52] in and of Himself; and is alone in and unto Himself all-sufficient, not standing in need of any creatures which He has made,[53] nor deriving any glory from them,[54] but only manifesting His own glory in, by, unto, and upon them. He is the alone fountain of all being, of whom, through whom, and to whom are all things;[55] and has most sovereign dominion over them, to do by them, for them, or upon them whatsoever Himself pleases.[56] In His sight all things are open and manifest,[57] His knowledge is infinite, infallible, and independent upon the creature,[58] so as nothing is to Him contingent, or uncertain.[59] He is most holy in all His counsels, in all His works, and in all His commands.[60] To Him is due from angels and men, and every other creature, whatsoever worship, service, or obedience He is pleased to require of them.[61]

3: In the unity of the Godhead there be three persons, of one substance, power, and eternity: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost:[62] the Father is of none, neither begotten, nor proceeding; the Son is eternally begotten of the Father;[63] the Holy Ghost eternally proceeding from the Father and the Son.[64]