Children’s Catechism, Week 6

February 10, 2020

Q. 22. What is a covenant?
A. An agreement between two or more persons.

Q. 23. What covenant did God make with Adam?
A. The covenant of works.

Q. 24. What was Adam bound to do by the covenant of works?
A. To obey God perfectly.


Heidelberg Catechism, Lord’s Day 6

February 9, 2020

6. Lord’s Day

Q. 16. Why must he be very man, and also perfectly righteous?
A. Because the justice of God requires that the same human nature which has sinned, should likewise make satisfaction for sin; [a] and one, who is himself a sinner, cannot satisfy for others. [b]

Q. 17. Why must he in one person be also very God?
A. That he might, by the power of his Godhead [a] sustain in his human nature, [b] the burden of God’s wrath; [c] and might obtain for, and restore to us, righteousness and life. [d]

Q. 18. Who then is that Mediator, who is in one person both very God, [a] and a real [b] righteous man? [c]
A. Our Lord Jesus Christ: [d] “who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption.” [e]

Q. 19. Whence knowest thou this?
A. From the holy gospel, which God himself first revealed in Paradise; [a] and afterwards published by the patriarchs [b] and prophets, [c] and represented by the sacrifices and other ceremonies of the law; [d] and lastly, has fulfilled it by his only begotten Son. [e]


Westminster Confession, Week 6

February 8, 2020

Chapter 3: Of God’s Eternal Decree

5: Those of mankind that are predestinated unto life, God, before the foundation of the world was laid, according to His eternal and immutable purpose, and the secret counsel and good pleasure of His will, has chosen, in Christ, unto everlasting glory,[73] out of His mere free grace and love, without any foresight of faith, or good works, or perseverance in either of them, or any other thing in the creature, as conditions, or causes moving Him thereunto;[74] and all to the praise of His glorious grace.[75]

6: As God has appointed the elect unto glory, so has He, by the eternal and most free purpose of His will, foreordained all the means thereunto. Wherefore, they who are elected, being fallen in Adam, are redeemed by Christ,[76] are effectually called unto faith in Christ by His Spirit working in due season, are justified, adopted, sanctified,[77] and kept by His power, through faith, unto salvation.[78] Neither are any other redeemed by Christ, effectually called, justified, adopted, sanctified, and saved, but the elect only.[79]

7: The rest of mankind God was pleased, according to the unsearchable counsel of His own will, whereby He extends or withholds mercy, as He pleases, for the glory of His sovereign power over His creatures, to pass by; and to ordain them to dishonor and wrath for their sin, to the praise of His glorious justice.[80]

8: The doctrine of this high mystery of predestination is to be handled with special prudence and care,[81] that men, attending the will of God revealed in His Word, and yielding obedience thereunto, may, from the certainty of their effectual vocation, be assured of their eternal election.[82] So shall this doctrine afford matter of praise, reverence, and admiration of God;[83] and of humility, diligence, and abundant consolation to all that sincerely obey the Gospel.[84]


Canons of Dordt, Week 6

February 7, 2020

The First Head of Doctrine: Divine Election and Reprobation

Article 10: Election Based on God’s Good Pleasure

But the cause of this undeserved election is exclusively the good pleasure of God. This does not involve his choosing certain human qualities or actions from among all those possible as a condition of salvation, but rather involves his adopting certain particular persons from among the common mass of sinners as his own possession. As Scripture says, When the children were not yet born, and had done nothing either good or bad…, she (Rebecca) was told, “The older will serve the younger.” As it is written, “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated” (Rom. 9:11-13). Also, All who were appointed for eternal life believed (Acts 13:48).

Article 11: Election Unchangeable

Just as God himself is most wise, unchangeable, all-knowing, and almighty, so the election made by him can neither be suspended nor altered, revoked, or annulled; neither can his chosen ones be cast off, nor their number reduced.


Larger Catechism, Week 6

February 6, 2020

Q. 21. Did man continue in that estate wherein God at first created him?
A. Our first parents being left to the freedom of their own will, through the temptation of Satan, transgressed the commandment of God in eating the forbidden fruit; and thereby fell from the estate of innocency wherein they were created.[88]

Q. 22. Did all mankind fall in that first transgression?
A. The covenant being made with Adam as a public person, not for himself only, but for his posterity, all mankind descending from him by ordinary generation,[89] sinned in him, and fell with him in that first transgression.[90]

Q. 23. Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?
A. The fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and misery.[91]


Belgic Confession, Week 6

February 5, 2020

Article 10: The Deity of Christ

We believe that Jesus Christ, according to his divine nature, is the only Son of God– eternally begotten, not made nor created, for then he would be a creature. He is one in essence with the Father; coeternal; the exact image of the person of the Father and the “reflection of his glory,”[13] being in all things like him. He is the Son of God not only from the time he assumed our nature but from all eternity, as the following testimonies teach us when they are taken together. Moses says that God “created the world”;[14] and John says that “all things were created by the Word,”[15] which he calls God. The apostle says that “God made the world by his Son.”[16] He also says that “God created all things by Jesus Christ.”[17] And so it must follow that he who is called God, the Word, the Son, and Jesus Christ already existed when all things were created by him. Therefore the prophet Micah says that his origin is “from ancient times, from eternity.”[18] And the apostle says that he has “neither beginning of days nor end of life.”[19] So then, he is the true eternal God, the Almighty, whom we invoke, worship, and serve.

Article 11: The Deity of the Holy Spirit

We believe and confess also that the Holy Spirit proceeds eternally from the Father and the Son– neither made, nor created, nor begotten, but only proceeding from the two of them. In regard to order, he is the third person of the Trinity– of one and the same essence, and majesty, and glory, with the Father and the Son. He is true and eternal God, as the Holy Scriptures teach us.


Shorter Catechism, Week 5

February 4, 2020

Q. 11. What are God’s works of providence?
A. God’s works of providence are, his most holy,[30] wise,[31] and powerful[32] preserving[33] and governing[34] all his creatures, and all their actions.[35]


Children’s Catechism, Week 5

February 3, 2020

Q. 18. What did God give Adam and Eve besides bodies?
A. He gave them souls that could never die.

Q. 19. Have you a soul as well as a body?
A. Yes; I have a soul that can never die.

Q. 20. How do you know that you have a soul?
A. Because the Bible tells me so.

Q. 21. In what condition did God make Adam and Eve?
A. He made them holy and happy.


Heidelberg Catechism, Lord’s Day 5

February 2, 2020

5. Lord’s Day

Q. 12. Since then, by the righteous judgment of God, we deserve temporal and eternal punishment, is there no way by which we may escape that punishment, and be again received into favour?
A. God will have his justice satisfied: [a] and therefore we must make this full satisfaction, either by ourselves, or by another. [b]

Q. 13. Can we ourselves then make this satisfaction?
A. By no means; but on the contrary we daily increase our debt. [a]

Q. 14. Can there be found anywhere, one, who is a mere creature, able to satisfy for us?
A. None; for, first, God will not punish any other creature for the sin which man has committed; [a] and further, no mere creature can sustain the burden of God’s eternal wrath against sin, so as to deliver others from it. [b]

Q. 15. What sort of a mediator and deliverer then must we seek for?
A. For one who is very man, and perfectly [a] righteous; [b] and yet more powerful than all creatures; that is, one who is also very God. [c]


Westminster Confession, Week 5

February 1, 2020

Chapter 3: Of God’s Eternal Decree

1: God from all eternity, did, by the most wise and holy counsel of His own will, freely, and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass;[65] yet so, as thereby neither is God the author of sin,[66]nor is violence offered to the will of the creatures; nor is the liberty or contingency of second causes taken away, but rather established.[67]

2: Although God knows whatsoever may or can come to pass upon all supposed conditions;[68] yet has He not decreed anything because He foresaw it as future, or as that which would come to pass upon such conditions.[69]

3: By the decree of God, for the manifestation of His glory, some men and angels[70] are predestinated unto everlasting life; and others foreordained to everlasting death.[71]

4: These angels and men, thus predestinated, and foreordained, are particularly and unchangeably designed, and their number so certain and definite, that it cannot be either increased or diminished.[72]