Shorter Catechism, week 11

March 13, 2018

Q. 20. Did God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of sin and misery?
A. God, having out of his mere good pleasure, from all eternity, elected some to everlasting life,[53] did enter into a covenant of grace to deliver them out of the estate of sin and misery, and to bring them into an estate of salvation by a Redeemer.[54]


Children’s Catechism, week 11

March 12, 2018

Q. 38. Can any one go to heaven with this sinful nature?
A. No; our hearts must be changed before we can be fit for heaven.

Q. 39. What is a change of heart called?
A. Regeneration.

Q. 40. Who can change a sinner’s heart?
A. The Holy Spirit alone.

Heidelberg Catechism, Lord’s day 10

March 11, 2018

10. Lord’s Day

Q. 27. What dost thou mean by the providence of God?
A. The almighty and everywhere present power of God; [a] whereby, as it were by his hand, he upholds and governs [b] heaven, earth, and all creatures; so that herbs and grass, rain and drought, [c] fruitful and barren years, meat and drink, health and sickness, [d] riches and poverty, [e] yea, and all things come, not by chance, but be his fatherly hand. [f]

Q. 28. What advantage is it to us to know that God has created, and by his providence does still uphold all things?
A. That we may be patient in adversity; [a] thankful in prosperity; [b] and that in all things, which may hereafter befall us, we place our firm trust in our faithful God and Father, [c] that nothing shall separate us from his love; [d] since all creatures are so in his hand, that without his will they cannot so much as move. [e]

Westminster Confession, week 10

March 10, 2018

Chapter 6: Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and the Punishment thereof

1: Our first parents, being seduced by the subtilty and temptations of Satan, sinned, in eating the forbidden fruit.[123] This their sin, God was pleased, according to His wise and holy counsel, to permit, having purposed to order it to His own glory.[124]

2: By this sin they fell from their original righteousness and communion, with God,[125] and so became dead in sin,[126] and wholly defiled in all the parts and faculties of soul and body.[127]

3: They being the root of all mankind, the guilt of this sin was imputed;[128] and the same death in sin, and corrupted nature, conveyed to all their posterity descending from them by ordinary generation.[129]

4: From this original corruption, whereby we are utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite to all good,[130] and wholly inclined to all evil,[131] do proceed all actual transgressions.[132]

5: This corruption of nature, during this life, does remain in those that are regenerated;[133] and although it be, through Christ, pardoned, and mortified; yet both itself, and all the motions thereof, are truly and properly sin.[134]

6: Every sin, both original and actual, being a transgression of the righteous law of God, and contrary thereunto,[135] does in its own nature, bring guilt upon the sinner,[136] whereby he is bound over to the wrath of God,[137] and curse of the law,[138] and so made subject to death,[139] with all miseries spiritual,[140] temporal,[141] and eternal.[142]

Canons of Dordt, week 10

March 9, 2018

The First Head of Doctrine: Divine Election and Reprobation

Article 17: The Salvation of the Infants of Believers

Since we must make judgments about God’s will from his Word, which testifies that the children of believers are holy, not by nature but by virtue of the gracious covenant in which they together with their parents are included, godly parents ought not to doubt the election and salvation of their children whom God calls out of this life in infancy.

Article 18: The Proper Attitude Toward Election and Reprobation

To those who complain about this grace of an undeserved election and about the severity of a just reprobation, we reply with the words of the apostle, Who are you, O man, to talk back to God? (Rom. 9:20), and with the words of our Savior, Have I no right to do what I want with my own? (Matt. 20:15). We, however, with reverent adoration of these secret things, cry out with the apostle: Oh, the depths of the riches both of the wisdom and the knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways beyond tracing out! For who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has been his counselor? Or who has first given to God, that God should repay him? For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be the glory forever! Amen (Rom. 11:33-36).

Larger Catechism, week 10

March 8, 2018

Q. 42. Why was our Mediator called Christ?
A. Our Mediator was called Christ, because he was anointed with the Holy Ghost above measure,[161] and so set apart, and fully furnished with all authority and ability,[162] to execute the offices of prophet,[163] priest,[164] and king of his church,[165] in the estate both of his humiliation and exaltation.

Q. 43. How doth Christ execute the office of a prophet?
A. Christ executeth the office of a prophet, in his revealing to the church,[166] in all ages, by his Spirit and Word,[167] in divers ways of administration,[168] the whole will of God,[169] in all things concerning their edification and salvation.[170]

Q. 44. How doth Christ execute the office of a priest?
A. Christ executeth the office of a priest, in his once offering himself a sacrifice without spot to God,[171] to be reconciliation for the sins of his people;[172] and in making continual intercession for them.[173]

Q. 45. How doth Christ execute the office of a king?
A. Christ executeth the office of a king, in calling out of the world a people to himself,[174] and giving them officers,[175] laws,[176] and censures, by which he visibly governs them;[177] in bestowing saving grace upon his elect,[178] rewarding their obedience,[179] and correcting them for their sins,[180] preserving and supporting them under all their temptations and sufferings,[181] restraining and overcoming all their enemies,[182] and powerfully ordering all things for his own glory,[183] and their good;[184] and also in taking vengeance on the rest, who know not God, and obey not the gospel.[185]

Belgic Confession, week 10

March 7, 2018

Article 15: The Doctrine of Original Sin

We believe that by the disobedience of Adam original sin has been spread through the whole human race. It is a corruption of all nature– an inherited depravity which even infects small infants in their mother’s womb, and the root which produces in man every sort of sin. It is therefore so vile and enormous in God’s sight that it is enough to condemn the human race, and it is not abolished or wholly uprooted even by baptism, seeing that sin constantly boils forth as though from a contaminated spring. Nevertheless, it is not imputed to God’s children for their condemnation but is forgiven by his grace and mercy– not to put them to sleep but so that the awareness of this corruption might often make believers groan as they long to be set free from the “body of this death.”[30] Therefore we reject the error of the Pelagians who say that this sin is nothing else than a matter of imitation.

Shorter Catechism, week 10

March 6, 2018

Q. 17. Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?
A. The fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and misery.[42]

Q. 18. Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?
A. The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, consists in the guilt of Adam’s first sin,[43] the want of original righteousness,[44] and the corruption of his whole nature,[45] which is commonly called original sin; together with all actual transgressions which proceed from it.[46]

Q. 19. What is the misery of that estate whereinto man fell?
A. All mankind by their fall lost communion with God,[47] are under his wrath[48] and curse,[49] and so made liable to all the miseries of this life,[50] to death[51] itself, and to the pains of hell forever.[52]

Children’s Catechism, week 10

March 5, 2018

Q. 34. Did Adam act for himself alone in the covenant of works?
A. No; he represented all his posterity.

Q. 35. What effect had the sin of Adam on all mankind?
A. All mankind are born in a state of sin and misery.

Q. 36. What is that sinful nature which we inherit from Adam called?
A. Original sin.

Q. 37. What does every sin deserve?
A. The wrath and curse of God.

Heidelberg Catechism, Lord’s day 9

March 4, 2018

9. Lord’s Day

Q. 26. What believest thou when thou sayest, “I believe in God the Father, Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth”?
A. That the eternal Father of our Lord Jesus Christ (who of nothing made heaven and earth, with all that is in them; [a] who likewise upholds and governs the same by his eternal counsel and providence) [b] is for the sake of Christ his Son, my God and my Father; [c] on whom I rely so entirely, that I have no doubt, but he will provide me with all things necessary for soul and body [d] and further, that he will make whatever evils he sends upon me, in this valley of tears turn out to my advantage; [e] for he is able to do it, being Almighty God, [f] and willing, being a faithful Father. [g]